Apanteles carolinacanoae

General description: 

Type locality. COSTA RICA, Guanacaste, ACG, Sector Horizontes, Sitio La Dama,
105m, 10.78626, -85.55835.
Holotype. ♀ in CNC. Specimen labels: 1. COSTA RICA, Guanacaste, ACG,
Horizontes: Esperanza, 09/21/1994. 2. 94-SRNP-7527, Pyrgus adepta, Sida acuta. 3.
Paratypes. 29 ♀, 11 ♂ (BMNH, CNC, INBIO, INHS, NMNH). COSTA
RICA: ACG database codes: 92-SRNP-4401, 92-SRNP-5190, 93-SRNP-3572, 93-
SRNP-3573, 93-SRNP-3574, 93-SRNP-3681, 93-SRNP-3735, 93-SRNP-4176, 93-
SRNP-6388, 93-SRNP-6748, 93-SRNP-7311, 95-SRNP-8417, 95-SRNP-8471, 97-
SRNP-3898, 04-SRNP-46868, 04-SRNP-50139, 05-SRNP-4197, 06-SRNP-311,
09-SRNP-72610, 10-SRNP-67708, 11-SRNP-69640.
Description. Female. Body color: head and mesosoma mostly dark, metasoma
with some tergites and/or most of sternites pale. Antenna color: scape and/or pedicel
pale, flagellum dark. Coxae color (pro-, meso-, metacoxa): pale, pale, pale. Femora
color (pro-, meso-, metafemur): pale, pale, pale. Tibiae color (pro-, meso-, metatibia):
pale, pale, pale. Tegula and humeral complex color: both pale. Pterostigma color:
mostly pale and/or transparent, with thin dark borders. Fore wing veins color: mostly
white or entirely transparent. Antenna length/body length: antenna shorter than body
(head to apex of metasoma), not extending beyond anterior 0.7 metasoma length.
Body in lateral view: not distinctly flattened dorso–ventrally. Body length (head to
apex of metasoma): 2.3–2.4 mm or 2.5–2.6 mm. Fore wing length: 2.5–2.6 mm or
2.7–2.8 mm. Ocular–ocellar line/posterior ocellus diameter: 2.3–2.5. Interocellar
distance/posterior ocellus diameter: 1.4–1.6. Antennal flagellomerus 2 length/width:
2.3–2.5. Antennal flagellomerus 14 length/width: 1.4–1.6. Length of flagellomerus
2/length of flagellomerus 14: 2.0–2.2. Tarsal claws: with single basal spine–like seta.
Metafemur length/width: 3.0–3.1. Metatibia inner spur length/metabasitarsus length:
0.4–0.5. Anteromesoscutum: mostly with shallow, dense punctures (separated by less
than 2.0 × its maximum diameter). Mesoscutellar disc: mostly smooth. Number of
pits in scutoscutellar sulcus: 9 or 10. Maximum height of mesoscutellum lunules/
maximum height of lateral face of mesoscutellum: 0.4–0.5. Propodeum areola: completely
defined by carinae, but only partial or absent transverse carina. Propodeum
background sculpture: mostly sculptured. Mediotergite 1 length/width at posterior
margin: 2.3–2.5. Mediotergite 1 shape: more or less parallel–sided. Mediotergite 1
sculpture: mostly sculptured, excavated area centrally with transverse striation inside
and/or a polished knob centrally on posterior margin of mediotergite. Mediotergite 2
width at posterior margin/length: 4.0–4.3. Mediotergite 2 sculpture: mostly smooth. Outer margin of hypopygium: inflexible (without a folded, transparent, semi–desclerotized
area); with no pleats visible. Ovipositor thickness: anterior width 3.0–5.0 ×
posterior width (beyond ovipositor constriction). Ovipositor sheaths length/metatibial
length: 1.0–1.1. Length of fore wing veins r/2RS: 1.4–1.6. Length of fore wing veins
2RS/2M: 1.4–1.6. Length of fore wing veins 2M/(RS+M)b: 0.7–0.8. Pterostigma
length/width: 3.1–3.5. Point of insertion of vein r in pterostigma: clearly beyond half
way point length of pterostigma. Angle of vein r with fore wing anterior margin: more
or less perpendicular to fore wing margin. Shape of junction of veins r and 2RS in fore
wing: distinctly but not strongly angled.
Male. Darker specimens, with narrower mediotergites 1 and 2.
Molecular data. Sequences in BOLD: 15, barcode compliant sequences: 9.
Biology/ecology. Gregarious (Fig. 245). Hosts: Hesperiidae, Pyrgus adepta,
Pyrgus oileus.
Distribution. Costa Rica, ACG.

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith