Fossil species

The extinct genera and species are from the Eocene and Oligocene, from 37 to 44 million years ago (MYA). Many specimens from the Miocene (20-30 MYA) are known from Dominican and Chiapas ambers, but most appear to be undescribed representatives of current genera (Murphy et al. 2008). A recent paper (Belokobylskij 2014) revised the taxonomic status of all previously known taxa of fossil Microgastrinae, and described one new genus and two new species. The origin of Microgastrinae has been estimated at ~54 MYA by Murphy et al. (2008).

Fossil genera:

  1. Dacnusites Cockerell, 1921
  2. Eocardiochiles Brues, 1933
  3. Palaeomicrogaster Belokobylskij, 2014

Fossil species:

  1. Apanteles concinnus Statz, 1938
  2. Apanteles macrophthalmus Statz, 1938
  3. Dacnusites reductus Cockerell, 1921
  4. Dacnusites sepultus Cockerell, 1921
  5. Eocardiochiles fritschii Brues, 1933
  6. Microplitis elegans Timon-David, 1944
  7. Microplitis primordialis (Brues, 1906)
  8. Microplitis vesperus Brues, 1910
  9. Semionis nixoni Tobias, 1987
  10. Semionis wightensis Belokobylskij, 2014
  11. Snellenius succinalis Brues, 1933
  12. Palaeomicrogaster oculatus Belokobylskij, 2014


Belokobylskij SA (2014) Braconidae. In: Alexander V. Antropov, Sergey A. Belokobylskij, Stephen G. Compton, Gennady M. Dlussky, Andrey I. Khalaim, Victor A. Kolyada, Mikhail A. Kozlov, Ksenia S. Perlieva and Alexandr P. Rasnitsyn (2014). The wasps, bees and ants (Insecta: Vespida=Hymenoptera) from the Insect Limestone (Late Eocene) of the Isle of Wight, UK . Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 104, pp 335-446 doi:10.1017/S1755691014000103

Murphy N, Banks JC, Whitfield JB, Austin AD (2008) Phylogeny of the parasitic microgastroid subfamilies (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) based on sequence data from seven genes, with an improved time estimate of the origin of the lineage. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 47(1): 378-395.

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith